Drugs and Kids part 2 – Signs Of drug Use

LEAP UK

 Kids and Drugs Part 2 – Signs of Drug Use

What A Parent can do regarding Kids and Drugs?

What Are The Signs Of Drug Use?

After writing the initial article Kids and drugs, I wanted to write an article that moves on and is practical for parents and their own children, what are the signs of drug use and what can a parent do?

As our children grow up it sometimes seems as if they have suddenly become fluent in a new language and this can cause problems for some parents. They panic at the thought of all the new language that relates to modern day youth culture  and drug culture. Most children in secondary school will learn some phrases relating to drugs and their use. and kids and drugs often go together. But Don’t panic, keep your eyes, ears and nose open and be aware of change.  Before we go any further the best advice I can give any parent is use your lack of knowledge to encourage openness when it comes to drugs. Whilst I would recommend doing your own research, because you will find as with most topics young people will  make out they are the font of all knowledge, but get it wrong at times. If you can have an open relationship where you are able to talk with your children, you already are in the best position for addressing the issue of  kids and Drugs.

I want to cover two areas relating to drugs briefly in this article they are signs of drug use and a little advice on what you can do if you find yourself in a situation where you think there may be a problem and you need help.

Signs Of Drug Usage When It Comes To Kids And Drugs.

If we are honest we would all say we hope our children go through life and drugs have no impact on them in any way. Sadly it is highly unlikely to happen and most young people will come across drugs in some way shape or form during their live. I believe because people see someone who is advocating reforming drug policy to see them regulated by law rather than using prohibition and punitive punishments they believe they are are pro drugs and believe that we all should try drugs and it becomes some recreational past time we all enjoy, when ever we want. Personally I support drug policy reform, I have seen the failure of prohibition and at times when I reflect how I have supported prohibition via manipulation and victimisation without offering the necessary support I feel rather embarrassed. But, I am also still against drugs, just as I am against smoking. I recognise the harm that drugs cause in our communities and wider society. At the same time I also accept people will always take drugs whether they want to lose their inhibitions and feel the extreme experience ravers often claim to experience or it is to self medicate and try to feel “normal” for just a short period of time. I want to see change for our children and recognising the signs of drug use early is beneficial for any family, Recognising the signs of drug use is second to having open dialogue within families, which is the most important tool for any family

Having a balanced view can give us a better understanding as parents and equip us to deal with situations we initially thought we couldn’t. First things first, Don’t panic and try not to get angry. if you can have open dialogue with your child it will help. You will feel angry, let down, scared a failure. You will be very emotional. It is normal, so what next.

First, what are the signs of drug use.

This is a question that has always interested me and I think you could right a book on the subject. So I am going to try and do it in a couple of paragraphs. I love a challenge.

Sudden Changes In Physical Appearance That Could Be Signs Of Drug Use.

First here is a list of physical signs you may notice.

  • Extreme loss or increase in appetite, change of eating habits e.g. binge eating and unexplained weight gain or loss
  • Extreme loss of, or poor, physical coordination, including slow or staggered walk
  • A change in their sleep pattern.  For example, insomnia or increased need for sleep, keeping unusual hours or unusually lazy
  • Unusual Smells of what may be an unknown substance, foul body odor
  • Poor personal Hygiene. Unusual lack of bathing or grooming
  • Blank stare, red watery eyes, over or under dilated pupils
  • Hyperactivity and excessive talkativeness
  • Shaking hands or cold sweaty palms. This can also be tremors of the head as well as feet and hands
  • Puffy flushed or pale face
  • Runny nose, sniffing a lot, rubbing nose and coughing
  • frequent bouts of nausea and vomiting
  • Needle-like marks on extremities, including the bottom of feet.Although this is something most drug users can hide very well, especially in the early days of drug use.

When ever I have drawn up this list with parents they have often joked and said “Isn’t that a good description of a teenager?” It is a good point, it isn’t easy to spot these signs. What you need to remember is you know your child and whether there has been any sudden and or dramatic changes physically. For teenagers and young people change is a big part of their lives so it can take a lot of observation skills to recognise kids and drugs. But you should also look at the same time for any Changes In Behaviour.

Sudden Changes In Behaviour That Could Be Signs Of Drug Use.

Here is a list of behavioural changes you may notice.

  • Unexplainable changes in attitude and personality.
  • Avoiding contact with family and friends.
  • New friends who are known to take drugs.
  • Suddenly becoming  a ”loner” or showing out of character anti-social behaviors
  • A drop in work rate and in school and work results.
  • Suddenly starting to be forgetful and less attentive
  • A Change in habits and normal routine involving family and in their home
  • Lack of motivation and energy
  • sudden loss of control, out bursts of temper and irritability
  • Appearing outwardly nervous and  showing signs of anxiety
  • Giddiness and excessive laughter, without any apparent reason
  • Becoming more secretive and showing suspicious behavior
  • Money Disappearing, whether it is from a purse or wallet or around the home. This can be along side household items disappearing
  • You may notice strange items appearing in your home. When people start smoking heroin you will most likely find pieces of foil burnt on one side and a brown track or run from where the heroin has been burned to smoke it. Depending on the drug you may find various bit of drug paraphernalia, such as; rolling papers, pipes, bongs, syringes, digital scale, and razor blades.

Some of these things are not easy to notice as out of the ordinary. Also just because you notice one or a few of these traits it doesn’t mean your child is a drug user.

So what Can you do?

As I said earlier, try and stay calm. If drugs are being used they are likely to be in denial and or react angrily or defensive. The best thing you can do is try and start talking as a parent and child should. It is this relationship that can be the biggest help whether the problem is drugs related or not. It is by creating an environment where a child feels comfortable and that they can approach and talk with a parent that is the making of the best opportunity to move forward with your child.

Next don’t be afraid to get help. Now is not the time to feel guilty or start apportioning blame.

If you are involved with Bushcraft For Kids feel free to approach a leader for advice., we will give support where possible

Your G.P is a good place to start.

Your local Family Center

Local and national Drug Charities e.g. Frank

If you want to know more about addressing this problem take a look a L.E.A.P. UK website. You  will find information regarding Drug policy and an excellent Podcast you can download and listen too.

 

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Parents, Kids and Drugs An Alternative Approach

LEAP UK

Parents, Kids and Drugs An Alternative Approach

A Bushcraft Post With A Difference, Kids and Drugs

This post is a little different to what you would normally find on this site. We can’t escape from the fact that Kids and drugs is an important topic that we as parents and people working with kids we need to be prepared to take the most effective action we can. Bushcraft, kids and drugs are words you wouldn’t expect in the same sentence, but this is a topic that effects all children. Even if it about educating about magic mushrooms. I wish that was the only area we need to focus on but Kids and drugs is an issue we need to address now.  You are likely to be asking why is Castle writing about drugs on a site about  the outdoors, nature, bushcraft, etc. Firstly it is because one thing everyone who visits this site, reads  an article, watches a video or listen’s to audio has in common. That is children, whether it is working with children, being parents, family or friends we all want the best for them, in all areas of their live. Especially as our children start growing up we can have fears regarding drugs and the devastating impact they can have on our children, our families and friends. It is a topic that needs to be challenged by all of us and I believe parents have a responsibility not just for our children now but generations to come. I have wrote this article because I believe it is relevant to us all and we need to take action now. This isn’t an article saying you should do this or that it hopefully explains why we need to change out approach to drugs and claim back responsibility for them. rather than have control in the hands of gangsters

All I ask is that you read this article through to the end with an open mind, then make up your mind about what your views are and where you stand.

I decided to write this article on my site after listening to a program on BBC Radio 2. It was a phone in on the Jeremy Vine Show and the discussion was about pop up drug testing stations at Glastonbury Music Festival. Generally I heard a lot of points of view I expected until one caller spoke and gave their perspective on the subject. They said ” There should be a few more drug related deaths, the users deserved it and it is a good message to other users.” What made this worse was other callers said they agreed. Thankfully many people including the presenter appeared quite shocked.

Bushcraft and Drugs –

Why I Know It’s Wrong And Why I Care About Kids And Drugs

Firstly I would like to say a bit about my background, experiences and how I came to have the views I have today. Prior to 1996 I had worked in various areas of youth work, usually in areas where high levels of intervention were needed but not always available. I spent a lot of time working on the streets of East Lancashire and Manchester with homeless people, of all ages and many were using drugs of some sort. In 1996 I had a sudden change of direction and I followed what had been a childhood dream of becoming a Police Office. My brother in law at the time had made several attempts to join Lancashire Constabulary and failed. he was trying again and I started talking to him and looked at what they wanted. I decided to give it a go and suggested we should go through the process together. I thought , if I failed at assessment like most people did the feedback would help my personal development in what I was doing with homeless people at the time. Then something happened which would be a huge motivating factor to be successful. My mother in law said “If my son cant get in you don’t stand a chance.” I still remember that day as clear as if it was yesterday. As I progressed the the recruitment process I learned more and the old desire to be a police officer was rekindled. On 25th November 1996 I joined Lancashire Constabulary. As a matter of interest my brother in law failed at the first stage and never joined.

Initially things didn’t go to well, I didn’t fit in and I felt the odd one out which led to me being bullied by and Inspector who was determined to get me kicked out for being different. I moved to Burnley Station and after a couple of months an inspector called me into his office. I thought I was in trouble, but it turned out he wanted help me. He explained that the other inspector was still trying to harm me, but he said he saw I was different and he believed the police needed people like me and if I was willing to work hard he would do all he could to shield me. From that point on my career flourished. I loved dealing with drugs and crime and I had a natural ability to work with informants and all I wanted to do was arrest and convict drug dealers, burglars, violent people, any bad guy as long as it didn’t involve traffic. I liked to leave that to traffic officers.

It wasn’t long until I came into contact with a small team of detectives who worked from a small office at the very top of the building just about as far away from everyone else as they could get. Initially I took a job to them and was asked to go on an attachment. The Sergeant was a man called Simon Craggs. He became the nearest I had to a mentor, he was an old style cop who used modern policing methods, he was the best. Whilst working with his team he spoke about covert work and a Special Ops department at headquarters. Withing a couple of weeks I had an appointment to be assessed and I was on my way to becoming an Undercover Police Officer. People often get confused about undercover police officers. There are Plain clothed officers who are often detectives, but not always. They don’t wear a uniform as such, but they might as well as most wear the same clothes and stand out a mile. They are often laughed at by people on the street because they think being out of uniform means they don’t look like a cop. Then there are the Undercover Cops, there are different types, which I am not going into and we are trained to do what we do. It is one of the few courses run in Lancashire that is pass and fail and if you fail you can’t have a second chance. it was tough training but I loved it, it had an impact on me which changed the way I policed in a good way. But there is a darker side which you are about to hear about.

Our job relating to drugs in simple terms was, to collect intelligence and evidence to enable drug dealers to be taken off the street. To do that we would get along side users on the street make contact with users and dealers and buy drugs. This leads to arrest, charge and ultimately prison. You might look that and think that’s a good idea and the cops are doing a great job stopping drug dealers. It’s not basically it doesn’t work, the model is broken and people who need help are…

  • Often  victims of abused,
  • Criminalised, often they don’t deserve to be put in the criminal justice system and there are better alternatives,
  • Manipulated, committing crimes they wouldn’t have committed if they weren’t doing it for their new best friend, me,
  • It is morally corrupt
  • Putting people in more danger, increased violence and fear on our streets

How Does It Work.

I could go on and on but it might be easier to explain with a short example. I am undercover as far as any member of the public can see, hear or smell, I am a homeless, person who is dirty, hasn’t washed for a long time my clothes haven’t been washed for months they are covered in urine stains and smell of the same. Sat next to me in the shelter of a doorway  trying to stay out of the rain is another person call Bob. We were hanging around waiting for the dealer to come back from an errand. Bob isn’t a cop, he is homeless, been on the streets trying to escape from society, he has mental health issues,and was a victim of sexual abuse during his teenage years. Bob has told me about this as we have got to know each other over a period of time.

Up to this point I have never seen the dealer. Bob has always taken my money bought the gear then given me mine. I would give him a bit of mine to pay him for getting served up for me. On this occassion I was going to meet the dealer for the first time. It had all fallen into place, the work had payed off Bob had arranged to meet the dealer where we have been waiting for over an hour. After this referral I would be able to get served up by the dealer, Tommy.

You might have read that and said good job as many have including me and many still are. I never forced Bob to get me the drugs he got them for me because he saw me as a friend someone in the same position. I had manipulated him and used his emotions to get him to get me the drugs. Bob has in the eyes of the law become a drug dealer. He has done this numerous times, not to make money, he didn’t get it for others. Just me, his buddy.

Bob went to prison for supplying drugs, I don’t know what happened to him, but he will be out again. For Bob Prison Isn’t the answer he needed help. He needed treatment for the trauma he experienced. Heroin was his way of self medicating because he couldn’t get the help he needed and or was scared to face his fears.

Drugs, It’s Political And They Government Believe

We Will Fall For Their Smoke And Mirrors

It is looked on as a success.

  • Another conviction for the supply of drugs
  • Another “x” number of years on the tally
  • Another dealer off the streets.

These are the lies we tell ourselves whether we are police officers members of the public, politicians etc all to put up the image that the War on Drugs is having an impact and we are winning the war.

All political parties at the moment feel they need to be seen to be taking action but haven’t realised they are just going through the motions and UK citizens from all walks of life are becoming victims.

Our Kids and Drugs Policy should be a priority. It is their future

Its is all an illusion. We can all go home at night and say good job have a pat on the back. But what impact have I really had following this model.

Lets cut to the chase, the positive effect of this model is nil all it has done is cost the tax payer lots of money. There will be no change in the supply of heroin in this town. Bob wasn’t even part the the chain of supply. Even getting a conviction against Tommy who was a low level dealer will have no effect of the supply of heroin on the streets. Lets say we were able to follow this supply chain all the way up to the importer. What do you think the effect would be on the supply of drugs in our cities. That answer is little to none, because it is run by criminals and gangsters there will always be someone to take there place. There is always another shipment on its way.

I hope you never have to face this regarding your child, but the reality is parents all across the country have to face the issues of drug abuse involving their children. It is tough, you are worried about so many different things, will they be stealing to feed their habit, their health, who are the associating with, will they over dose, will they get manipulated by the cops. The list is long and harrowing but it get worse. lets see one more issue that illustrates our drugs policy doesn’t work.

Gangsters Control The Commodity Of Drugs,

We Are Letting Gangster Impact On Our Childrens Future

Gangsters are in control of the commodity of drugs. They have to control their market and one part of that is ensuring they don’t get caught and sent to prison. How can they control their environment. They can have a set of unwritten rules to minimise risk, but how can the enforce these “Rules” There is only one set of tools they can use, they are “Fear” and “Violence” As I saw the techniques we used as undercover police officers develop the drugs market had to adapt as well. They did this in two ways. Firstly increase the element of fear. Neil Woods in his book Good Cop, Bad War give a great example. In Brighton there was an increase in drug related deaths. It turned out that the gangs controlling the drugs sent out a message. If you “Grass” or step out of line you next hit could be your last, with an extra pure bag of Heroin. This was a step up from violent beatings, stabbings and even shootings. This caused the users to close ranks more than ever.

When you hear this, and it could be your child who has become involved in drugs for whatever reason what would you rather them do, check the purity or risk death. When you start to look more and more at this problem you quickly realise the comments made on BBC Radio 2 were ridiculous and I believe are often made out of fear and frustration.

So What Can Be Done?

Firstly we need to realise,

  • We wont stop people experimenting/taking drugs. It is something that has been happening in society for thousands of years in various forms.
  • We know that banning the drugs and trying to enforce is in the way we do now also doesn’t work.
  • Drugs can’t be controlled by gangster.

I see there is only one solution I can see and that is practical has been seen to work in various degrees in various formats. But the theme is always the same. Regulate the sale and supply of drugs. This along with good quality education and support for people who need it when they need it. To find out more visit LEAPS Website This is a great organisation which is fighting to have the drugs policy in the UK reviewed and a sensible alternative to be put in place.

Check out our usual style of topics covered here. But is it has an impact of out children’s well being we will write about it, indoors or out.

See Part 2 Signs Of Drug Use, What A Parent Can Do. It doesn’t matter what your interests are sometimes we have to tackle problems to help our childrens future. Our children deserve the best we can provide for their future.

 

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LEAP UK

L.E.A.P. UK

Observation, Memory, Concentration, Skills For Tracking and Life

kim tracking observation skills

Essential Skills For Tracking And Life

Observation, Memory, Concentration

In a previous post I spoke about improving observation skills and gave some tips that can help not just children, but adults as well to develop their memory (Observation Skills, What to teach your children,) In this post is a game that is named after the character who played the game to improve his observation and memory skills. The book is Kim by Rudyard Kipling in 1901 and the game is “Kim’s Game.” It is a book that is well worth reading. These are skills for tracking and life.

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I always say it is important to get our children outdoors, but sometimes we cant. So here is a game that can be played anywhere, indoors and out

Improving memory, observation and concentration skills are  vital for all people especially children. It is beneficial for their education, learning about wildlife and nature and skills that are great everyday life skills, that can help keep us all safe.

Spittlebugs

Children hunted for spittlebugs, searching out spittle balls

Only today I was returning home from collecting my daughter from school. We were walking home with another family and the mum pointed out what

looked like spittle on one of the boys sleeves. I had seen a lot of spittle from spittle bugs on a privet hedge on my way to the school, so I got my daughter to find some on our way home. She found some and I showed them the immature spittle bugs in the spittle. The other family were amazed at what they saw. Many people just like this family walk past things like spittle bugs and other bits of nature and wildlife as they go about their everyday business. By enhancing our observations, memory, concentration opens a whole new world which is fun and exciting to many people. But the benefit doesn’t end there, these same skills help a child develop their education and improve their lives in a fun and healthy way.

 

Kim’s Game

In the book “Kim”, Kims game was used to teach Kim skills he needed to become an agent and remember important information. It is a simple game still played a lot by Beavers and Cub Scouts.

The basic game is set up by putting twenty items on a cloth. The items should have different uses and backgrounds. The person playing the game is then given one minute to look at the items then they are covered by a cloth or removed from sight. The person playing then gives a description of what he saw in as much detail as possible. The focus should be on detailed descriptions. Here are two examples.

  1. A door Key.
  2. A Yale brand key that is bronze in colour for a latch type lock.

Initially a child will most probably give a description similar to description one. Once they have remembered the item ask some open questions to encourage them to describe the item in more detail, like example two. Initially the game can be simply recalling the objects, it can then be developed into a more technical. The development of the skills should be gradual and fun. This can be done in a variety of ways.

Variations On Kim’s Game

Changing the format of Kim’s Game isn’t just about keeping the game fresh and fun. The variations

Kim's Game, skills for tracking and life

Kim’s Game, skills for tracking and life

make the person playing observe in different ways, so they start looking at situations from various angles and points of view. It teaches then to see what is in front of them, what is missing and what is out of place.

There are many ways to change the way the game is played.

  • Change the items for an object such as a package with an address, postcode, stamp, return address etc.
  • Let the participants observe a room for a given time then recall a description in detail.
  • Remove items then show the remaining items, participant lists missing items.
  • Present items a various distances.
  • Place distinctive or similar items to distract the participant.

The important thing to remember is to develop these skills in a fun way and take your time, these are skills for tracking and life. Have fun with Kim’s Game.

Perry Mcgee’s Essential Tracking Handbook

Perry mcgee's essential tracking handbook

Perry McGee Essential Tracking Handbook

National Tracking School

I recently got  a book through the post, it was Perry Mcgee’s Essential Tracking Handbook. It is by Perry McGee and his colleague Jamie McGregor who are founder and Senior Tracking and search adviser of the National Tracking School. Prior to reading this book I had read Perry’s first book,  The Tracking handbook, this was an excellent book which I related to, but found it related to my work as a police officer rather than a member of the public. Then I read this book. I have read it from cover to cover and found it the best book on the subject of tracking.

The first thing Perry explains is that tracking is not the best term to use, instead the term sign awareness should be used. Firstly using Sign Awareness opens the field up to the scope that it truly has. When most people thing if tracking they think of following a person or an animal, often hunting animals or finding fugitives. Although these are uses of Sign awareness the field is much wider. If we focus on tracking we will develop tunnel vision and become focused on tracking or following what ever the subject is. That means the operative will more than likely miss the full story being told by the sign.

Perry McGee Essential Tracking Handbook

Perry mcgee's essential tracking handbook

Perry mcgee’s essential tracking handbook

 

tracking handbook

tracking handbook

This book is essential reading for all people who have an interest in sign awareness. As I police officer I was fortunate to be able to use these skills in various environments. whether it was to protect myself through counter surveillance, following sign to find people or to read crime scenes. Sadly I had little training in the basic policing training, it was through what I learned as a child and later in specialist departments.

As a child I learned through play then through a man called Eddie McGee, yes it was Perry’s Father. He was an great tracker, survival expert and nature lover. He wrote many books and a television series. If I hadn’t been taught basic skills as a child I would never have had the wonderful career I had. The books by Eddie McGee are still available second hand on amazon. I would highly recommend them for children and adults to learn about outdoor skills in a fun, enjoyable way.

 

In the book Perry McGee’s Essential Tracking Handbook you will find an thorough look at sign awareness that will help people from all backgrounds. Whether you are an adult wanting your child to develop a better understanding of the world around them and/or you want your child to develop skill that will help them in many areas of their lives as children and adults, this book is for you. If you are and adult wanting to learn how to develop your understanding of nature and wildlife, this is the book for you. If you work in law enforcement, this book is for you. What I am saying is this book is a great introduction to all people, through to some advanced methods

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Perry is looking to write some more specialised books for all areas and he also runs some excellent courses at the National Tracking School.

Content of Perry McGee’s Essential Tracking Handbook.

Here is a list of content.

  • Introduction.
  • Glossary of Terms.
  • Chapter One – Basic Searching Skills And Procedures.
  • Chapter Two – Advance Searching Skills And Procedures.
  • Chapter Three – Tactical Searching Skills and Procedures.
  • Chapter Four – Urban Searching Skills and procedures.
  • Chapter Five – Navigational Searching Skills and Procedures.
  • Chapter Six – Search and Rescue Searching Skills and procedures.
  • Chapter Seven – First Aid Responder Skills and Procedures.
  • Chapter Eight – Fugitive Searching Skills and Procedures.
  • Chapter Nine – Counter Evasive Searching and Self-Defence.
  • Chapter Ten – Searching Exercises, Games and Awareness
  • Chapter Eleven – Specialised Discipline and Procedures
  • Appendices – Reference, terms and useful material.

As you can see this is a thorough book that is practical and interesting. Don’t think you are going to learn all the secrets used in Law Enforcement. As Perry points out early in the book some techniques would be beneficial to criminals and need to be kept secret. Perry still does a lot of work especially fighting poachers and that alone should earn the respect of him and James. If you don’t do anything else at the moment visit the website and buy this book and visit the National School of Tracking and see the services and course they offer.

I highly recommend this book as I do any books or courses by Perry Mcgee. If I were to score it, I would say 10 out of 10. When you have heard Perry talk you can hear him talking as you read.

One Skill to Teach Your Children. Observation Skills

observation, children learn skills with parents

Observation Skills, What to teach your children

I have worked outdoor in one way or another most of my adult working life. During this time I was fortunate to do jobs in the police that some people don’t even know exist. Some of these people would say at times are exciting and at time dangerous. They involved going through various assessments and test to see if I had the right skills to do the job. One skill that came up time and time again was observation skills. You would think that these are skill that all police officers have, but you would be surprised at the level many officers display. From the few that end up taking the assessment there is a large failure rate. I was also involved with surveillance along with various forms of evidence gathering. I learned skills that developed and added to my love of nature and the outdoors. Perry McGee recently described it to me as “Sign Awareness”

Using the term Sign Awareness instead of “Tracking” means there is a better understanding of the skills and the purpose and use of those skills in a positive way. Rather than the stereotypical belief that the skills are soley for hunting

I may have been lucky and observation was something that came natural. I have always been good at remembering what I saw and had learned various skills at school. Being dyslexic at school when I was a student was something that wasn’t often noticed. I struggled with writing and English, Never mind French. But I learned that I could learn lessons off by heart and it didn’t effect me as long as it looked like I had written my notes.

I try and pass these skills on to my children. Not because they are dyslexic, because they are skills that can be fun and very useful. Especially if you decide to have a career where you need to notice small details under pressure. These are skills you can teach your children by playing simple games.

First is a simple game to play in the car or whilst walking around. I will ask my daughter what colour a car was that drove past in the opposite direction, or how many people were stood at a bus stop. You can ask more difficult questions as your child’s skills develop. You can eventually start asking what a car vehicle registration number (VRN) of cars you see

Beware though. As your child develops observation skills, they will start asking you questions. So keep alert and keep your observation skill up to the same standard as your children. It is a win win situation for you and your child as you observation skills improve.

Memory and Observtion Skills

To help you child remember numbers they can learn mnemonics. A simple one that is of great help to children is to use  the rhyme method. Each number is represented by am image that rhymes with the number. Here is a list of common words.

If these aren’t suitable you can change them for ones that suit you or you child. The image that first comes to mind is the best and one that can be made into funny pictures. I know men who use boobs for 8, I am sure you can work out why, all though that isn’t recommended for your child.

Once these ten words are known any number can be remembered. you use the relevant words and link them together with a funny story.

  1 - Bun
  2 - Shoe
  3 - Tree
  4 - Door
  5 - Hive
  6 - Bricks
  7 - Heaven 
  8 - Skate
  9 - Line
  10 - Hen

You can easily remember words using a similar system. If you have a list of words you can link them together using a funny story. You can then remember the funny story, whilst reciting the story in your head you will be able to recall the list you remembered.

The more you use these types of techniques and games observation skill increase and so does memory. You find that you can remember much more. Using your memory will improve it naturally. It has been shown people of all ages and abilities can improve there memory and observation skills through practice. If you want to know more about the subject. I would recommend one author called Tony Buzan. He has written various books on memory and other subjects, they all are very practical and useful for adults and have skills you can pass to your children.

Developing these skills will also be beneficial for children learning Interpretting Sign/Sign Awareness or as many people know it, Tracking.